Parinibbana of the Buddha
Soon after the Buddha anounces the approaching of his demise to Ananda, he becomes ill after eating a meal served by a metal worker named Cunda. Although he told his fellow bhikkhus not the eat of this meal, he himself finished it and thanked his host. He later forgave Cunda of responsibility.
The Buddha and Ananda went to stay at the town of Kusinara, where Lord Buddha took his final rest. This same Buddha who gave up his claim to the succession of his father’s throne, lay down between two Sala trees as his final resting place.
Now at that time a wandering ascetic named Subhadda was dwelling at Kusinara. Knowing the rarity of the arising of a Tathagata, and that the Buddha Gotama would soon be passing away, the ascetic Subhadda wanted to pay respects to the Lord. Ananda refused Subhadda admittance to see the Buddha three times but the Buddha hearing this called for Ananda to allow Subhadda to see him. Lord Buddha preached the Dhamma to Subhadda whereupon Subhadda asked for admittance and was accepted into the Order of Bhikkhus, later to become arahant.
The Buddha's last words: "Behold now, bhikkhus, I exhort you: All compounded things are subject to vanish. Strive with earnestness!"
After attaining enlightenment, the Buddha traveled for 45 years promoting his teaching of Dhamma-Vinaya. He died at the age of eighty on the night of the full moon of the sixth lunar month, 480 BCE.
Lord Buddha died in Kusinara. He was lying on his right side with his head facing north.
And when the Blessed One had passed away, simultaneously with his Parinibbana there came a tremendous earthquake, dreadful and astounding, and the thunders rolled across the heavens.